Keywords: information communication technology, Europe 2020, Estonia, Latvia, Czech Republic, development plans
This paper examines the educational role of information and communication technologies (ICT), based on national development documents of four countries: Estonia, Latvia, the Czech Republic and Hungary. It shows that due to the effects of the EU’s development policy, ICT has been included in the development plans of these countries as a factor improving employment rates and as an area where infrastructural development is needed. The topic of the use of ICT in education has somewhat faded in planning policies, and undertakings linking education and ICT together are mostly about maintaining infrastructure or developing it a bit. As to the use of ICT in schools, the idea that digital literacy is of primary importance in the later employability of students became more pronounced. The idea that the use of ICT in schools should go hand in hand with changes in pedagogy can be depicted from the Union’s intentions. A number of countries have set as their goal to initiate large-scale digitalizing and archiving projects in the field of culture, which creates a convenient informational environment for education.