Katalin Forray R.
Talent in higher education
The study overlooks the initiations, that aim at expand and differentiation of the higher education. It shows two alternatives, the elite education and the integration of “remote from school” social groups into higher education. The present review highlights the forming of special colleges (szakkollégium).
Keywords: supporting talents, colleges, people’s college, special college
Free tuition, scholarship and denominations
The study investigates mechanisms of distribution of student benefits in the years 1850-1918, based ont he exhaustive prosopographical data bank of graduating pupils of Hungarian secondary schools. The role of the three main factor observed – the religion, social strata and scholarlyperformance of pupils – proved to differ largely in different school types. Benefits concerned just one tenth of pupils, though with an increasing trend. In state schools no difference can be detected among denominations, contrary to church schools, where pupils of the maintaing church were always advantaged. Between Roman Catholics, Protestants and Eastern Christians marked trends of segregation can be observed and this applied to the unequal allocation of benefits too. This cannot be observed against Jews at that time, but they could count mostly on tuition wavers only, connected to scholarly excellence, but rarely on grants – especially outside Lutheran schools. Social criteria in the allocation of benefits profited to lower class students and those from families of teachers and clerics.
Keywords: Schooling benefits, social inequalities, denominations, secondary schools
Attila Chikán – Márton Illyés
The ‘Rajk model’: A pedagogical experiment and its results
The quality of a country's education system, among other things, relays on the existing forms of diversity and the inclusion of innovative experiments. The College for Advanced Studies is such an innovative form, a combination of accomodations and professional programmes. The striking features of these colleges are their professionalisms, community commitments and social sensitivities. The ‘Rajk College, established 47 years ago, served as a model for several dozens of similar institutes of excellence in Hungarian higher education. It is a typical bottom-up initiative which is based on self governance of the student community and essentially operates without external (government) financial support. The programme of the ‘college’ is combined with other excellence initiatives (CEMS, international relations, student research competitions, curriculum development, etc.). The career pathes of Rajk alumni members (close to 800 today) provide a verification of the successfulness of the Rajk-model. Dissemination of this model will help our universities to become internationally competitive by educating professional and community elites.
Keywords: Central-Eastern European higher education, Hungarian universities, College for advanced studies, education for excellence, student community
Lifeways in the system. Ways to the successful matric in Wlislocki Henrik Roma College
In our paper the role of primary and secondary sozialization in successful matric is analysed. The research is based on half-structured qualitative lifeway interviews (N=25), these interviews were given by multiply disadvantaged students of University of Pécs, members of Wlislocki Henrik Student College. The sample is unrepresentative. Our results show sozilization circumstances of successful matric.
Keywords: Roma colleges, lifeway interview, qualitative comparative analysis, csQCA
Tímea Ceglédi – István Tóbi – Szabolcs Gergő Harsányi
Resilient students and selectivity by admission procedure of colleges for advanced studies
Our study focuses on the factors – with special attention to students’ social background and resilience – which play an important role in meeting students and colleges for advanced studies (CASs). People encouraging admission into a CAS (family members, students or teachers), and students’ achievement before entering a CAS are investigated in the empirical part. 427 CAS students’ answers are analysed who filled out the questionnaire of the Pathways of Talents Research (Tehetségek Útja Kutatás) in spring of 2015.
Keywords: resilience, colleges for advanced studies, talent development, social background, selection mechanism, higher education
Denominational special colleges
In our study of denominational special colleges as higher education system is performing effectively investigated complementary and belong to the system, specific tasks as well as talent development institutions, and relies on the concepts of education sociology interpreted the academic world of colleges for advanced studies. In the course of our work to date, that the capital institutions, especially in the professional academic preparation for life dominates, while provincial counterparts to create a strong, cohesive community is the goal. The rular institutions college students at least as well in these talent development in institutions of higher status than the capital city student peers.
Keywords: higher education, College, Denominations
Szabina Cziráki – Péter Szendrő
Higher educational processes reflection of Scientific Students' Associations activity
The National Scientific Students’ Associations Conference is a very important series of event of the talent support system for years in Hungary. The aim of this study to present the main process in higher education mainly changes in the number of students, and how introduction of two-cycle system inspired interest in the National Scientific Students’ Associations Conference. It can be concluded there is a tendency that the participation in the National Scientific Students’ Associations Conference increased along with the member of higher education, and introduction of Bachelor and Master of Science degrees further increased the students' motivation to introduce their studies in the National Scientific Students’ Associations Conference. We discuss the relationship between the College of Excellences and National Scientific Students’ Associations Conference and participation of the student college members present at 32nd National Scientific Students’ Associations Conference in 2015.
Keywords: talent support, scientific students’ associations, higher education
Teacher and student supports at Sapientia EMTE Csíkszereda
In this study we present the student and teacher support systems available in the last few years at the Sapientia Hungarian University of Transylvania Csíkszereda, including the Erasmus + programs, the social-, merit, study scholarships and other research and study grants in the case of students, accentuating the research possibilities in the case of teachers.
Keywords: Sapientia University, higher education in Transylvania, teacher and student scientific support systems, Erasmus+, CEEPUS